DSE Geog Essay 例子 | E3: Intelligent Transport Systems

Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) What is ITS?

  • ITS is the application of information and communication technologies (ICT) in vehicles and transport networks that move people and goods

  • It enables an entire transportation system to work as effectively and efficiently as possible

What are the benefits of ITS? 1. Enhance safety and security

  • Provides transport operators and authorities with real-time information about work zones, traffic congestion, road conditions and other potential hazards --> improve emergency services’ response times + reduce casualties in the event of an accident or disaster --> enhances road safety

2. Improve efficiency

  • Move people + goods throughout a transportation system more efficiently and economically --> save substantial time + money

  • Delivers fast, accurate and complete travel information --> help road users decide whether to make a trip, when to start and what modes of transportation to use

  • Helps freight move swiftly and reliably using the right combination of ship, truck, train and plane transportation modes

  • Enables more reliable and timely management of commercial vehicles

3. Increase mobility and access

  • Provides travel opportunities and additional travel choices using alternative modes of transport for more users— wherever they live, work or travel, regardless of age or disability

  • Provides information on scheduled and actual transportation services by all modes -->enables better planning of trips for travellers of all ages, with or without disabilities

4. Improve the environmental quality

  • Helps to optimise trips, eliminate unnecessary travel miles + reduce time spent in traffic congestion --> energy wastage + the pollution resulting from stop-and-go driving are reduced

  • Helps make public transport more reliable, effective + attractive --> increase its usage